Active Living

Physical activity is any body movement that uses energy.

Physical activity can be done with friends and family, or alone, and should be something you enjoy. There are many types of physical activity that can help you manage your blood sugar and improve your health, including:

  • playing a sport (such as golfing)
  • playing with children outdoors
  • walking to a store
  • doing household chores
  • working in the garden
  • going shopping
A person bends down to harvest vegetables from a garden by hand. They hold a cucumber. On the ground by their feet is a basket of potatoes and lettuce sits on the ground next to the basket.

Add more physical activity in your weekly routine. Once you are more active, the next step is planned exercise.

What is Exercise?

Staying Active

Physical activity is any body movement that uses energy.

Exercise is a type of moderate to vigorous physical activity that is planned and structured to improve your fitness level and muscle strength.

Exercise is a planned and structured activity that

  • starts at a comfortable level and progresses to a moderate to vigorous intensity
  • is done on most days of the week (5 days each week)
  • lasts for about 30 minutes or longer (which can be broken up with rest breaks or into 10-minute intervals throughout your day)

Benefits of Exercise

Exercise is important for your health. Regular exercise helps control risk factors for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Exercise can lower your:

  • blood sugar (sugar is used by your muscles when you exercise)
  • blood pressure
  • stress level
  • cravings to smoke when you try to quit
  • body fat

Exercise can increase your:

  • body’s response to insulin (to help manage blood sugar levels)
  • HDL (good) cholesterol
  • fitness level
  • muscle strength
  • bone strength and joint health
  • quality of sleep
  • good feelings about yourself
  • energy level
  • quality of your life